A new paper is out in the special issue on taxonomic disorder & list governance in Organisms, Diversity and Evolution. This one illustrates the consequences of taxonomic disorder with examples from a range of different taxa, and shows how list governance could have avoided these consequences. Here’s the abstract, the paper should be free to download for everyone:
“Species lists are widely used in legislation and regulation to manage and conserve biodiversity. In this paper, we explore the issues caused by the lack of an adequately governed and universally accepted list of the world’s species. These include lack of quality control, duplicated effort, conflicts of interest, lack of currency, and confusion in the scientific use of taxonomic information. If species lists are to fulfill their role efficiently, then the governance systems underlying their creation must keep pace. Fortunately, modernization of species list governance is now possible as a result of advances in biodiversity informatics and two decades of experience working to create the backbone of a global species list.”
Between september 12 and 14, we’ve planned a 3-day joint meeting of the FWO project and Charles Pence’s FNRS project. The meeting will take place in Oignies-en-Thiérache, a quiet village in the middle of the Viroin-Hermeton natural park that is home to a range of rare species. It’ll be the perfect location to make rapid progress on some of the project’s research lines, and observe some of the biodiversity we spend our working days thinking about. Watch this space for updates about the work we’ll have done there!
This paper investigates how the governance of a global list of species could be organized. It concludes that both a polycentric and a monocentric approach are appealing, and lists the advantages and disadvantages of each of these approaches. The paper is free to download here.
Together with other members of the IUBS Working Group on the Governance of Taxonomic Lists, Stijn has published a new paper in ‘Organisms, Diversity and Evolution’. The paper sets out how users of a global taxonomic list can be involved in managing this list without compromising the integrity and independence of this list. The paper, which will be part of a special issue on the governance of taxonomic lists, is free to access here.
Stijn also contributed to the introduction to the special issue, which is freely accessible as well. Check it out here for a clear introduction to the problem of taxonomic disorder, and why governance of species lists could help resolving it.
Charles Pence, who works (almost) across the road at Louvain-La-Neuve and has been a close collaborator in our research on taxonomic disorder, will be running a research project on ‘Conceptual Uncertainty in Biodiversity and Taxonomy’ starting from 2021 on. Charles’ project will analyze the taxonomic literature and look extensively at how taxon concepts and taxonomic names are used outside the scientific literature. You can read more about Charles’ project in his blog post about it.
While Charles’ project and this FWO project have different aims and methods, there are also clear overlaps with what we are trying to do: investigate how problems in taxonomy affect biodiversity conservation, and how this may be resolved. So there’ll surely be lots of interesting avenues for working together!
It has recently been argued that the concept of natural kinds should be eliminated because it does not play a productive theoretical role and even harms philosophical research on scientific classification. This paper argues that this justification for eliminativism fails because the notion of ‘natural kinds’ plays another epistemic role in philosophical research, namely, it enables fruitful investigation into non-arbitrary classification. It does this in two ways: first, by providing a fruitful investigative entry into scientific classification; and second—as is supported by bibliometric evidence—by tying together a research community devoted to non-arbitrary classification. The question of eliminativism then requires weighing off the benefits of retaining the concept against its harms. We argue that the progressive state of philosophical work on natural kinds tips this balance in favour of retaining the concept.
From september 2020 on, Vincent Cuypers will join the project as a PhD student based primarily at Hasselt University. With an undergrad in philosophy and a MA in Sustainable Development, Vincent is well equipped to take on the interview-part of the project.